There are a range of crimes that can be considered as sexual offences, including non-consensual crimes such as rape or sexual assault, crimes against children including child sexual abuse or grooming, and crimes that exploit others for a sexual purpose, whether in person or online. Crimes can occur between strangers, friends, acquaintances, current or ex-partners, or family members. This is an overarching framework to address crimes that have been identified as being committed primarily but not exclusively by men against women. However, the Annual Violence Against Women and Girls report published by the CPS includes data on all perpetrators and victims, irrespective of gender. The CPS is determined to secure justice for all victims, and recently reaffirmed our commitment to male victims. Legally, a person without a penis cannot commit rape, but a female may be guilty of rape if they assist a male perpetrator in an attack.
The term sexual assault refers to sexual contact or behavior that occurs without explicit consent of the victim. Some forms of sexual assault include:. Rape is a form of sexual assault, but not all sexual assault is rape. The term rape is often used as a legal definition to specifically include sexual penetration without consent. Perpetrators may use emotional coercion, psychological force, or manipulation to coerce a victim into non-consensual sex. Some perpetrators will use threats to force a victim to comply, such as threatening to hurt the victim or their family or other intimidation tactics. The majority of perpetrators are someone known to the victim.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person intentionally sexually touches another person without that person's consent , or coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will. Generally, sexual assault is defined as unwanted sexual contact. Sexual assault takes many forms including attacks such as rape or attempted rape, as well as any unwanted sexual contact or threats.
The State Department is committed to assisting U. We help in two ways:. When a U. It can be more difficult because the victim may be in unfamiliar surroundings, and may not know the local language or customs.